جمعه 15 آذر 1398
EN
Lipocalin 2 enhances mesenchymal stem cell-based cell therapy in acute kidney injury rat model
Cytotechnology2 June 2017, Pages 1-15

Acute kidney injury (AKI) is one of the most common health-threatening diseases in the world. There is still no effective medical treatment for AKI. Recently, Mesenchymal stem cell (MSC)-based therapy has been proposed for treatment of AKI. However, the microenvironment of damaged kidney tissue is not favorable for survival of MSCs which would be used for therapeutic intervention. In this study, we genetically manipulated MSCs to up-regulate lipocalin-2 (Lcn2) and investigated whether the engineered MSCs (MSC-Lcn2) could improve cisplatin-induced AKI in a rat model. Our results revealed that up-regulation of Lcn2 in MSCs efficiently enhanced renal function. MSC Lcn2 up-regulates expression of HGF, IGF, FGF and VEGF growth factors. In addition, they reduced molecular biomarkers of kidney injury such as KIM-1 and Cystatin C, while increased the markers of proximal tubular epithelium such as AQP-1 and CK18 following cisplatin-induced AKI. Overall, here we over-expressed Lcn2, a well-known cytoprotective factor against acute ischemic renal injury, in MSCs. This not only potentiated beneficial roles of MSCs for cell therapy purposes but also suggested a new modality for treatment of AKI. © 2017 Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht